State of the Art of the Different Models of Transportation Most Used in the Supply Chain of Automotive Industry
Recently, automobile manufacturers are trying to procure parts using the Milk-Run logistics at most of their nearby suppliers and others kinds of consolidation applied to their distribution system with far suppliers. This article shows generally a state of art of this kind of consolidation used in the automotive industry. However, it is important to mention that the process of Milk-Run does not apply to all levels of the supply chain; only between the shipbuilder and nearby suppliers. All this leaves devoid of a transport mechanism of equal magnitude to the other levels or supply chain; allowing the modeling of different transport models that provide solutions to each specific distribution system depending on the type of consolidation. These models are based on the vehicle routing problems (VRP) and its various aspects; which are mentioned in this work.